India’s Court Shocks the World, Declares ‘Marriage Is Not a Fundamental Right’ for LGBTQ+ Community

Same-sex marriage will not be legalized as a result of a court decision on Tuesday. Find out what happens next for the country’s LGBTQ community.

Gay Marriage Not Legalized in Shocking Decision

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On Tuesday, India’s Supreme Court decided that it would not legalize gay marriage. Instead, it will be up to parliament to decide if the country will allow same-sex marriage.

Until Recently, Queerness Was a Crime

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Just five years ago, the Supreme Court rescinded a ban on gay sex, effectively decriminalizing the act. LGBTQ community members in India hoped that the court would finally legalize gay marriage this week, but that right remains in limbo. 

Conservatives Push Back

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Conservatives in India hope to encourage parliament to uphold the ban.

The Bharatiya Janata Party said that gay marriage contradicts “the Indian family unit concept of a husband, a wife and children.”

Decision From the Bench Was Unanimous

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The Indian Supreme Court, which requires judges to retire at age 65, came to a unanimous decision between the five judges that heard the case.

Chief Justice D.Y. Chandrachud presided over the bench.

“The Court Cannot Make Law,” Says Justice

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Chandrachun said that the court decision was based on the scope of the court’s practice, acknowledging that the case was extremely complicated.

“The court cannot make law. It can only interpret it and give effect to it,” he said.

A Complicated Case

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Four of the five judges on the bench wrote separate judgements about the decision.

They also decided to leave it to a panel to discuss what to do as far as laws surrounding gay couples in India apart from just marriage.

Discriminated Against in Daily Life

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Currently, Indian gay couples cannot apply for mortgages together or open joint bank accounts.

These “human concerns” will be considered by a panel, which the court has appointed to discuss such issues.

A Panel Is Assembled

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Requiring that the panel include experts on the LGBTQ community and the social issues they face, the court asked it to review the rights of same-sex couples.

Are Civil Unions a Fair Compromise?

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Two of the five judges, including Chandrachud, discussed the possibility of legalizing civil unions for gay couples, but were overruled.

Ravidndra Bhat, one of the three that voted against civil unions, said “The idea of marriage is not a fundamental right.”

Queerness Acknowledged

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Bhat did however say that queer couples should be allowed to commit to one another “in whichever way they wish within the social realm.”

LGBTQ Community Left Emotional

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LGBTQ community members were overcome with emotion leaving the court after the decision. Many had hoped that marriage would be legalized for same-sex couples, or at least “direct the government” to legalize it, explained Uday Raj Anand.

He was in attendance with his partner.

Being Gay Is “Natural,” Says Chandrachud

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While marriage is out of the question for now, the court did acknowledge the struggles that queer couples face in India.

Chandrachud also said that being gay is a “natural phenomenon.”

A Silver Lining

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Some activists in attendance acknowledged that the verdict was disappointing, but had its positives.

One attendee, Pranav Grover, said the court was focused on “keeping both parties happy,” and wanted to stay positive.

Education Shared With Legislators

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Suvir Saran, a celebrity chef and LGBTQ community member, embraced the fact that the Supreme Court took the opportunity to “[educate] the legislators and the citizens about homosexuality.”

Future Uncertain for the Queer Community

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Once parliament takes on the issue, more will be known about the future of the LGBTQ community in India.

For now, millions wait to see the results of the panel that will review the many ways in which LGBTQ Indians are discriminated against.

The post India’s Court Shocks the World, Declares ‘Marriage Is Not a Fundamental Right’ for LGBTQ+ Community first appeared on Pulse of Pride.

Featured Image Credit: Shutterstock / Gustavo Frazao. The people shown in the images are for illustrative purposes only, not the actual people featured in the story.

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